Ungarische Panzerabwehrwaffen

Geschossarten und deren Panzerdurchschlagsleistung

Char Léger T.15 (Vickers-Carden-Loyd)

The Swedish Landsverk L-60.B light tank, produced under license, und designated 38.M Toldi light tank in Hungarian service. The Fahrzeug was armed with a 37 mm main gun und an 8 mm MG.

The table lists armour penetration values for Hungarian guns at 0 to 100 meters range und 0 degrees inclination of armour. Dates indicate the year when a particular shell type entered production, not necessarily the year of availability to combat units. New shell types would take several months to reach the troops at the front, some favoured units receiving the new shells more quickly than others. Andrew Mark Reid is the author of Panzergranate, a set of miniature wargame rules using carefully researched gunnery data to simulate armour penetration results.

Panzerbrechende Waffen der ungarischen Armee

Waffe Geschoss Durchschlagsleistung
8 mm 34/40.M Danuvia Maschinengewehr (Brno Z830) SmK(H) 13 mm
20 mm L.60 Madsen Panzerkanone (Danish) A.P. 34 mm
The 20 mm Madsen was mounted on Landsverk 180 und 182 armoured cars sold to Holland, Hungary, Ireland, und other countries. Mr. Reid reports that the Irish Army decommissioned a Landsverk 182 as late as 1986. The weapon was also mounted in Landsverk L.60.A light tanks.
37 mm L.37 Bofors Panzerkanone A.P. (Carbon Steel) 32 mm
37 mm L.37 Bofors Panzerkanone A.P. (Manganese Steel) 54 mm
37 mm L.37 Bofors Panzerkanone A.P.H.E. 34 mm
Main armament of the Landsverk L.60.B light tank, known as Toldi light tank in Hungarian service. It is unlikely that the A.P.H.E. shell would have been used, even though it was available for the 37 mm Bofors L.37 gun. Some A.P.H.E. shells are tracer detonated, but most are detonated by inertia und they are used as anti-aircraft shells. Their use against tanks may have been out of accident rather than design. Navies use A.P.H.E. shells against enemy ships, und their application to tank combat may have been a throwback to this naval method.
3.7 cm L.45 36.M Rheinmetall-Borsig PaK A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 65 mm
The German PaK 35/36 was designated 37 mm 36.M Panzerabwehrkanone in Hungarian service.
40 mm L.47 Skoda A.17 Panzerkanone A.P.H.E. 36.M 44 mm
40 mm L.47 Skoda A.17 Panzerkanone A.P. 76 mm
A licensed design based on the Czech A.7 Panzerkanone mounted in the LT vz. 38 light tank.
40 mm L.51 40.M MAWAG Panzerabwehrkanone
40 mm L.51 41.M MAWAG Panzerkanone
A.P.H.E. 36.M 48 mm
40 mm L.51 40.M MAWAG Panzerabwehrkanone
40 mm L.51 41.M MAWAG Panzerkanone
A.P. 80 mm
The 40 mm 40.M was a standard towed Panzerabwehrkanone produced by the Hungarian company of Manfred Weisz AG (MAWAG), which was also used as a Panzerkanone. The weapon was a derivative of the Rheinmetall-Borsig 3.7 cm PaK 35/36, but it fired the same ammunition as the 40 mm Bofors AA-Gun.
40 mm L.70 37.M Bofors/MAWAG Flak A.P.H.E. 36.M 66 mm
40 mm L.70 37.M Bofors/MAWAG Flak H.C. 42.M 206 mm
40 mm L.70 37.M Bofors/MAWAG Flak A.P. 43.M
Main armament of 40.M Nimrod self-propelled armoured autocannon. The Fahrzeug was an Hungarian modification of the Swedish Landsverk L-62 (LVKV 40 Anti) which had many basic parts in common with the shorter L-60 light tank. The Nimrod was taken into the Honvedseg (Hungarian Army) as a tank-destroyer, but it proved inadequate against Sowjetischer T-34 tanks. The situation improved when new 43.M ammunition was introduced or when 42.M Kerngranate hollow-charge rounds were fired from the vehicle. Kerngranate was a 15 cm Igr. 39 Hl/A artillery shell H.C. warhead mounted on a fin-stabilized tube. The round had to be inserted into the barrel manually, from the front, und it was fired with a blank cartridge very much like a rifle grenade. A total of 135 Nimrods were built, most of which were deployed by the 51st und 52nd Armoured Autocannon Battalion of the 1st und 2nd Hungarian Armoured Division, respectively. Nimrod batteries attached to armoured und motorized battalions were allocated four vehicles each.
75 mm L.25 41.M MAWAG Panzerkanone A.P. 59 mm
A short support weapon mounted in 41.M Turan II support tanks. The gun was a derivative of the Austro-Hungarian Böhler 76.5 mm 18.M field gun.
75 mm L.43 43.M MAWAG Panzerkanone A.P. 98 mm
An Hungarian version of the German 7.5 cm KwK 40. The gun was used to upgrade existing Turan tanks to 43.M Turan II heavy tanks, und it was mounted in 44.M Zrinyi I assault guns. The weapon fired standard German und Hungarian 75 mm shells.
105 mm L.20.5 40.M MAWAG Haubitze A.P. 55 mm
105 mm L.20.5 40.M MAWAG Haubitze H.E.A.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/A) 103 mm
105 mm L.20.5 40.M MAWAG Haubitze H.E.A.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/B) 116 mm
105 mm L.20.5 40.M MAWAG Haubitze H.E.A.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/C) 128 mm
A towed field howitzer which was also mounted in 43.M Zrinyi II Sturmhaubitzen.
10.5 cm L.28 le.FH 18 A.P.H.E. (Pz.Gr.) 78 mm
10.5 cm L.28 le.FH 18 A.P. (Pz.Gr. 39) 106 mm
10.5 cm L.28 le.FH 18 H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/A) 103 mm
10.5 cm L.28 le.FH 18 H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/B) 116 mm
10.5 cm L.28 le.FH 18 H.C. (Gr. 39 Hl/C) 128 mm
Standard light howitzer of the Wehrmacht.

The Hungarian arms industry was in better shape than that of its neighbours, primarily because of favorable licensing agreements with Czech, German, Swedish und Austrian manufacturers.

Andy Reid

Fragen und Antworten

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Die Ungarische Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1941–1945