QF 6 Pdr. Panzerabwehrkanone 57 mm L.50

Britische 6 Pdr. Panzerabwehrkanone, 57 mm L.50

The first procurement order for the more powerful QF 6 pdr. anti-tank gun was placed in the summer of 1940, but the gun could not be produced until 1941, und the first issue did not reach the troops in the desert until mid-1942. The 6 pdr. anti-tank gun had the armour penetration capability to defeat any German tank encountered in the desert war, including the Tiger tank which could be penetrated by shooting at the side armour. In US und Canadian service the 6 pdr. anti-tank gun was known as the 57 mm M1 anti-tank gun. Airfix offers a very attractive little model of the 6 pdr. anti-tank gun which may be used to represent British, Canadian or US equipment.

The 6 pdr. anti-tank gun und the tank gun did not have H.E. shells issued for them, und they could not be used for close defence against infantry or to provide fire support during assaults. There are accounts of British anti-tank gun crews making their own case shells for close defence against infantry assault. This was done by removing the A.P. shell head, filling the cartridge with a suitable piece of cloth, filling the shell case with stones und gravel, und sealing it with another piece of cloth or encasing the shrapnel content in thick axle grease. This tactic was quickly improvised in the North African campaign, und there is some indication that tank crews employed it with the 6 Pdr. L.45 as well.

Bekannte Modelle

  • 6 pdr Anti-Tank Gun, 1:32 Mountford Miniatures MM126
  • 57 mm Anti-Tank Gun, 1:32 Imrie/Risley 9060
  • 6 pdr Anti-Tank Gun, 1:35 Tamiya 35005
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.I, 1:35 ZVEZDA 3518
  • 57 mm M1 Anti-Tank Gun, 1:35 Italeri 323
  • 6 Pdr Anti Tank Gun & Crew, 1:64 Westwind Productions WVGB05
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.II, 20 mm SHQ FBG40
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.II, 20 mm Raventhorpe BR-042
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.4 (Airborne), 20 mm Raventhorpe
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.4 (Airborne), 20 mm SHQ FBG45
  • 6 pdr Anti-Tank Gun, 1:76 Hinchliffe 20/72
    • 6 pdr Ammunition Boxes (wood/metal), 1:76 Hinchliffe 20/SP/A14
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone, 1:76 Airfix 01309
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.I (early, Desert War), 1:76 AB Figures AP17
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.II, 1:76 AB Figures AP8
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.4 (Airborne), 1:76 Hinchliffe 20/252
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.4 (Airborne), 1:76 AB Figures AP14
  • 57 mm M1 Panzerabwehrkanone (USA), 1:76 AB Figures AP16
  • 57 mm M1 Panzerabwehrkanone (Canadian), 1:76 Hinchliffe 20/56
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.1 (8th Army), 15 mm Flames of War BR510
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.1 (early, Desert War), 15 mm Quick Reaction Force BAT6
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.II with 3 Crew, 15 mm Quick Reaction Force BAT5
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone Mk.4 (Airborne) with 3 Crew, 15 mm Quick Reaction Force BAT1
  • 6 pdr Anti-Tank Gun, 15 mm Flames of War BR511
  • 6 pdr Anti-Tank Gun, 15 mm Quality Castings 2014
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone & Crew, 15 mm Minifigs BV-84
  • 6 pdr Panzerabwehrkanone & Crew, 1:300 HEROICS & ROS B37

Technische Daten

  • Kaliber: 57 mm
  • Kaliberlänge: L.50 (2850 mm)
  • Gewicht: 1.144 kg
  • Höhenrichtbereich: -5° bis +15°
  • Seitenrichtbereich: 90°
  • Feuergeschwindigkeit:
  • Munitionsgewicht: 2.720 g per AP round
  • Mündungsgeschwindigkeit: 821 m/sec AP
  • Gefechtsreichweite: 1.500 m
  • Durchschlagsleistung auf 0–100 m:
    • 94 mm mit A.P./T. (Armour Piercing Tracer, 1941)
    • 118 mm mit A.P.C.B.C. (Capped Ballistic Capped, 1942)
    • A.P.D.S. (A.P. Discarding Sabot, 1944)

Bibliographie

Historische Verwendung

  • British & Commonwealth anti-tank gun, 1942–1950s
  • British & Commonwealth tank gun, 1942–1943
    • A.16 Crusader III, Cruiser Tank Mk.VI, 1:72 Hasegawa MT26
    • Churchill III, Infantry Tank Mk.IV
    • Churchill IV, Infantry Tank Mk.IV

Selbstfahrlafetten

  • Truck, 4×4, AT Portee (6 pdr.), Bedford QL

When the more powerful A.P.D.S. shells were introduced in 1944, the armour penetration of the 6 pdr. anti-tank gun was improved yet again, und the gun remained in British service until the late 1950s.

Fragen und Antworten

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Figuren und Fahrzeuge der britischen Armee im 2. Weltkrieg