Britischer Kampfpanzer Centurion

Britischer Kampfpanzer F.V. 4007 Centurion

A British Centurion Universal Tank Mk.8 Series 2 available from Airfix. The Centurion Mk.8/2 was an upgunned Mk.8 mounting the new 105 mm L.51 Vickers L7 tank gun. The Mk.8/2 was similar in performance to the Israeli Sh’ot main battle tank, a Centurion Mk.3 or Mk.5 fitted with the highly effective 105 mm L7 tank gun. 239 Sh’ot tanks served during the Six-Day-War in 1967, und the IDF captured another 30 of the 44 Jordanian Tariq (Centurion) tanks engaged in the war. The improvements of the Centurion Mk.8/1 und Mk.8/2 tanks were later standardized in the F.V. 4017 Centurion Mk.10 which was introduced in 1959, und sold to Sweden in 1961 as well as several other countries.

Bekannte Modelle

  • Centurion Mk.1 (17 pdr gun, 1945), 1:76 Cromwell Models CM30
  • Centurion Mk.2 (fully cast turret)
  • Centurion Mk.3 (20 pdr gun, 1948), 1:35 Academy
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:35 Modelcraft 35-9009
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:35 Tamiya 89555
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:48 Lido
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:60 Corgi Toys (die-cast)
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:60 (soft plastic)
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:76 Airfix (soft plastic)
  • Centurion Mk.3, 1:87 IMEX 871007 (die-cast toy)
  • Israeli Sh’ot Mk.3 (105 mm L7 tank gun), 1:285 GHQ IS-01
  • Israeli Sh’ot-Kal" Mk.3 (AVDS-1790 diesel engine), 1:285 GHQ IS-04
  • Centurion Mk.4 project (95 mm CS Howitzer)
  • Centurion Mk.5 Series 1, 1:87 WTD 34
  • Centurion Mk.7
  • Centurion Mk.8 Series 1
  • Centurion Mk.8 Series 2, 1:76 Airfix 02307
  • Centurion, TROLL 10044 Militär-Garnitur

Technische Daten

  • F.V. 4007 Centurion
  • Typ: Kampfpanzer
  • Motor: Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk.IV.B 12-cylinder Petrol Engine, 485 kw
  • Getriebe: 5 Forward, 2 Reverse
  • Geschwindigkeit: 34 km/h auf Straßen
  • Tankinhalt: 460 l
  • Fahrbereich: 160 km
  • Länge: 7550 mm
  • Breite: 3360 mm
  • Höhe: 2920 mm
  • Gewicht: 51.800 kg
  • Bewaffnung (frühe Ausf.): 84 mm L.64 20 pdr Tank Gun, zwei 7.92 mm Besa MG
  • Durchschlagsleistung auf 0–100 m:
    • 217 mm mit A.P.C.B.C. (1946)
    • 307 mm mit A.P.D.S. (1946)
  • Bewaffnung (späte Ausf.): 105 mm L.51 Vickers L7 Tank Gun mit 70 Schuss, zwei 7.92 mm Besa MG
  • Besatzung: Kommandant, Fahrer, Richtschütze, Ladeschütze
  • Produktion: 1945–1962 (4.423 of all Marks)

Bibliographie

Historische Verwendung

  • Australia, 1952–1977
  • Britain, 1945 - 1978
  • Canada
  • Denmark, 1953–1993
  • Egypt
  • India
  • Iraq
  • Israel (Sh’ot, und Sh’ot-Kal"), 1966 - 2002
  • Jordan (Tariq), 1966 -
  • Kuwait, 1957 -
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Singapore
  • South Africa (Olifant)
  • Sweden (Stridsvagn 81, STRV 101/102, 104, 105), 1953–today
  • Switzerland (Panzer 57)

The Centurion tank was introduced at the end of World-War Two und it remains in service in several countries even today. The Israel Defence Force converted many Centurion tanks to heavily armoured infantry fighting vehicles when their turrets were damaged beyond repair. Upon the introduction of the new Merkava 4 tank, on 3 October 2002, the IDF phased out its last Centurion MBTs which had been relegated to reserve formations since the late 1980s.

Fragen und Antworten

Bitte nehmen Sie bei facebook oder im Miniatures Forum Kontakt mit der Redaktion der Military Miniatures Zeitschrift auf, wenn Sie weiterführende Information zum Thema wünschen.

Figuren und Fahrzeuge der Gegenwart