Kampfpanzer Centurion

Britischer Kampfpanzer F.V. 4007 Centurion

A British Centurion Universal Tank Mk.8 Series 2 available from Airfix. The Centurion Mk 8/2 was an upgunned Mk.8 mounting the new 105 mm L.51 Vickers L7 tank gun. The Mk.8/2 was similar in performance to the Israeli Sho’t main battle tank, a Centurion Mk 3 or Mk.5 fitted with the highly effective 105 mm L7 tank gun. 239 Sho’t tanks served during the Six-Day-War in 1967, und the IDF captured another 30 of the 44 Jordanian Tariq (Centurion) tanks engaged in the war. The improvements of the Centurion Mk 8/1 und Mk.8/2 tanks were later standardized in the F.V. 4017 Centurion Mk 10 which was introduced in 1959, und sold to Sweden in 1961 as well as several other countries.

Bekannte Modelle

  • Centurion Mk 1 (17 pdr gun, 1945), 1:76 Cromwell Models CM30
  • Centurion Mk 2 (fully cast turret)
  • Centurion Mk 3 (20 pounder model A, 1948), 1:35 Academy
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:35 Modelcraft 35-9009
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:35 Tamiya 89555
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:48 Lido
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:60 Corgi Toys (die-cast)
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:60 (soft plastic)
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:76 Airfix (soft plastic)
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:87 Zylmex T410
  • Centurion Mk 3 (20 pounder model B), 1:87 ROCO 155a
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:87 Artitec 387.025
  • Centurion Mk 3, 1:87 IMEX 871007 (die-cast)
  • Israelischer Centurion Mk 3 Sho’t (105 mm L7 Kampfwagenkanone), 1:285 GHQ IS-01
  • Israelischer Centurion Mk 3 Sho’t-Kal (AVDS-1790 diesel engine), 1:285 GHQ IS-04
  • Centurion Mk 4 project (95 mm CS Howitzer)
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 1 (20 pounder model A), 1:144 The Toy Company 10044
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 1 (20 pounder model B), 1:72 ACE 72426
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2, 1:72 ACE 72265
  • Israelischer Centurion Mk 5 Sho’t (105 mm L7 Kwk), 1:72 ACE 72427
  • Israelischer Centurion Mk 5 (Sechstagekrieg, 1967), 1:87 Artitec 387.015
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2, 1:87 ROCO 155b
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2, 1:87 WTD 34
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2 NL, 1:87 Artitec 387.158
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2 NL (gefechtsbereit), 1:87 Artitec 387.159
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2 NL (Bahntransport), 1:87 Artitec 387.191
  • Centurion Mk 5 Series 2, 1:100 Roskopf 121
  • Centurion Mk 7, 1:60 Dinky Toys 651
  • Centurion Mk 7 (Schweiz), 1:87 Artitec 387.192
  • Centurion Mk 8 Series 1
  • Centurion Mk 8 Series 2, 1:76 Airfix 02307

Technische Daten

  • F.V. 4007 Centurion
  • Typ: Kampfpanzer
  • Motor: Rolls-Royce Meteor Mk.IV.B 12-cylinder Petrol Engine, 485 kw
  • Getriebe: 5 Forward, 2 Reverse
  • Geschwindigkeit: 34 km/h auf Straßen
  • Tankinhalt: 460 l
  • Fahrbereich: 160 km
  • Länge: 7550 mm
  • Breite: 3360 mm
  • Höhe: 2920 mm
  • Gewicht: 51.800 kg
  • Bewaffnung (frühe Ausf.): 84 mm L.64 20 pdr Tank Gun, zwei 7.92 mm Besa MG
  • Durchschlagsleistung auf 0–100 m:
    • 217 mm mit A.P.C.B.C. (1946)
    • 307 mm mit A.P.D.S. (1946)
  • Bewaffnung (späte Ausf.): 105 mm L.51 Vickers L7 Tank Gun mit 70 Schuss, zwei 7.92 mm Besa MG
  • Besatzung: Kommandant, Fahrer, Richtschütze, Ladeschütze
  • Produktion: 1945–1962 (4.423 of all Marks)

Bibliographie

  • Dunstan, Simon: Centurion Universal Tank 1943–2003.
  • Foss, Christopher F.: Jane’s Tank & Combat Vehicle Recognition Guide.
  • Foss, Chris: The Encyclopedia of Tanks and AFVs.
  • Miller, David: The Illustrated Directory of Tanks of the World.

Historische Verwendung

  • Australia, 1952–1977
  • Britain, 1945–1978
  • Canada
  • Denmark, 1953–1993
  • Egypt
  • India
  • Iraq
  • Israel (Sho’t, und Sho’t-Kal"), 1966–2002
  • Jordan (Tariq), 1966–
  • Kuwait, 1957–
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Singapore
  • South Africa (Olifant)
  • Sweden (Stridsvagn 81, STRV 101/102, 104, 105), 1953–today
  • Switzerland (Panzer 57)

The Centurion tank was introduced at the end of World-War Two und it remains in service in several countries even today. The Israel Defence Force converted many Centurion tanks to heavily armoured infantry fighting vehicles when their turrets were damaged beyond repair. Upon the introduction of the new Merkava 4 tank, on 3 October 2002, the IDF phased out its last Centurion MBTs which had been relegated to reserve formations since the late 1980s.

Figuren und Fahrzeuge der Gegenwart