Kavallerie der Britischen Legion
Amerikanischer Revolutionskrieg, 1778–1783

Umbauten im Maßstab 1:76

Kavallerie der Britischen Legion, Tarleton Light Dragoons

The British Legion wore Tarleton-Helme. Some sources, und paintings show them in coatees. A mounted British Napoleonic Horse Artillery officer may be used as the basis for this conversion, removing the frogging from the figure’s chest, trimming away the collar, und the Schärpe. The horse is taken from George Washington, the mounted officer figure in Washington’s Army (Airfix).

The work should be done with a new scalpel blade, to ensure clean cuts. To avoid injury, place the figure on a cutting board, und always cut away from your body. The frogging on the officer’s chest can be sliced off easily, leaving only the central row of buttons. The Schärpe needs to be lifted off carefully, und the area beneath it sculpted into the shape of the coatee. Finally, the collar should be reduced to resemble the smaller style worn in the late 18th century. Nicks in the surface of the remodelled area can be smoothed over with a layer of PVA white glue painted onto the figure.

Parts Required

  • Horse Artillery Officer, Airfix 01746
  • Washington’s Horse, Airfix 01739

American Provincial Troops

Loyalist cavalry frequently adopted the clothing style of Banastre Tarleton’s British Legion:

British Legion Cavalry, 5th American Regiment, 1778-1783
  • Green jacket
  • Black cuffs, und collar, trimmed with white lace (gold for officers).
  • Brass buttons.
  • Buckskin (tan) breeches.
  • Black leather belts und pouches are shown in the famous painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds.
  • Black Tarleton-Helm, with green turban, und green plume on the left side.
  • Shabraque colours are not known with certainty. Green shabraques like those of the Queen’s Rangers Hussars are likely, but other colours may have been used on campaign.
  • Braune Pistolenholfter mit schwarzen Fell-Schabrunken.
Queen’s Rangers Hussars, 1st American Regiment, 1778-1783
  • Green jacket
  • Green cuffs, und collar.
  • Pewter buttons.
  • Green breeches worn over short boots.
  • Black leather belts und pouches.
  • Tall black cylindrical hussar Tschako with green bag, und silver crescent badge.
  • Green shabraque with silver crescent badge in all corners.
  • Braune Holfter mit schwarzen Fell-Schabrunken.
Queen’s Rangers Dragoons, 1st American Regiment, 1780-1783
  • Green jacket
  • Black cuffs, und collar, trimmed with white lace (gold for officers).
  • Brass buttons.
  • Buckskin breeches.
  • Black leather belts und pouches.
  • Black Tarleton-Helm, with green turban, und green over white? plume on the left side.
  • Green shabraque with silver crescent badge in all corners.
  • Braune Holfter mit schwarzen Fell-Schabrunken.

Four companies of dragoons were raised in Philadelphia in 1777, und they were usually attached to the Queen’s Rangers, the British Legion, or the King’s American Dragoons raised in 1782. The last three of these companies were ordered to change to green coats, while they were serving with the Queen’s Rangers, although Captain Stanford of the Bucks County Dragoons seems to have retained his red coat.

  • West Jersey Cavalry, Lt. Col. John van Dyke
  • Bucks County Dragoons, Captain Thomas Stanford
  • Philadelphia Light Dragoons, Captain Richard Hoveden
  • James’s Troops of Provincial Dragoons, Captain Jacob James

Other Provincial und German Cavalry

  • King’s Orange Rangers were raised as mounted rifles in 1776. The unit was dressed in green coats faced in orange, white smallclothes, tricorns, und gaiters. By 1781, they had changed to red coats faced with yellow.
  • Brunswick Dragoon Regiment Prinz Ludwig arrived in Quebec in 1776, without horses. The unit was destroyed in a raid against Bennington, Vermont, trying to capture mounts. The dragoons wore light blue Prussian style uniforms with yellow facing. Drummers sported reversed colours, yellows coats with light blue facings, und light blue/yellow lace.
  • Hesse-Cassel Mounted Jägers wore green coats with crimson lapels, cuffs, collars und turnbacks, green waistcoats, leather breeches, und black riding boots. Mounted Jägers were typically employed as couriers and scouts.
  • American Legion, raised by Benedict Arnold after his defection in 1780.
  • South Carolina Royalists were converted to dragoons in 1781.

American Provincial cavalry played an important role in the Revolutionary War, participating in raids, und in many of the battles against the Continental Army. To avoid confusion with rebel cavalry, Loyalist troopers adopted the Tarleton-Helm, which became the regulation headdress of British Light Cavalry, und Horse Artillery after the war.

Bibliografie

Anthony De Lyall & K. Schultheis

Fragen und Antworten

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Figuren des Amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieges